mencius and Hsuntzu on Heaven

that, human nature is evil; its goodness derives from the conscious activity (179). Xunzis journeys during the Warring States Period likely had an impact on his pessimistic stance on human nature. By claiming that a man can not help but feel this alarm naturally supports Mencius idea that by nature humans can not bear to see the suffering of other. However, Xunzi explains that these low human desires can be and should be controlled and directed by means of ritual and teachings. Leading by example allows people to follow the Way and to be in touch with their true human nature, and therefore Heaven. He explains that, what people are able to do without having learned it is original, good ability. Mencius argues that human nature is good, and ru teachings furthered natural tendencies. Without such limits to evil human nature, society would fall into chaos. In contrast, Xunzi staunchly argues that Human nature is evil (179) and through essays claims that human natures only goodness derives from the conscious activity (179). Overall, this metaphor is used to show that without manipulation or outside forces, a Military Story people naturally want to do good things. Another metaphor, that of the child falling into the well, advances the idea that this innate knowledge can be found in all people.

By this Xunzi means that human nature tends towards a fondness for profitenvy and hate beautiful sights and sounds and following human nature and indulging human emotions will inevitably lead to contention and strife (180). Mencius, in each of his metaphors illustrates how human nature has a tendency to be good. Mencius believes that the goodness of human nature is like the downward course of water (147) in that people are naturally inclined to be good, and he makes this argument through conversations among friends and public figures. Furthermore he counters the claim that water can be manipulated to go many directions by rationalizing that, while people can be made to do what is not good, what happens to their nature is like this(147). A carpenter may carve wood and produce utensils but how could carving utensils out of wood be the carpenters nature? FOR only.38.9/page, hire Writer, by this he claims, there is no human being lacking in the tendency to do good, just as there is no water lacking in the tendency to flow downward (147). By exploring the philosophies of these two great Confucian thinkers, one better understands the multitude of ways human nature can be explained in Confucianism very brief summary of Vietnam War throughout Chinese history.

The views of, mencius and, hsuntzu



mencius and Hsuntzu on Heaven