During his childhood, and his early adulthood, he was Erik Homberger, and his parents kept the details of his birth a secret. Consider some of the contradictions: You may be old enough to be entrusted with a two-ton hunk of speeding metal, yet not be allowed to vote; You may be old enough to die for your country in war, yet not be permitted to order.
268) and later as a sense of coherence and wholeness (1982,. It is perhaps hard to imagine that we should have any "stagnation" in our lives, but the maladaptive tendency Erikson calls overextension illustrates the problem: Some people try to be so generative that they no longer allow time for themselves, for rest and relaxation. Discouraging initiative by inducing guilt or shame may lead to a repressed child, or to one who does things on the sly. The emphasis on careers, the isolation of urban living, the splitting apart of relationships because of our need for mobility, and the general impersonal nature of modern life prevent people from naturally developing their intimate relationships.
The two books that lay out his theory are Childhood and Society and Identity: Youth and Crisis. He calls it a gift to children, because "healthy children will not fear life if their elders have integrity enough not to fear death." He suggests that a person must be somewhat gifted to be truly wise, but I would like to suggest that you. According to him, the stages are universal, and the ages at which one is said to have passed from one to another stage are also fairly universal. The epigenetic principle, he is most famous for his work in refining and expanding Freud's theory of stages. Stage 5 - Identity. The lack of identity is perhaps more difficult still, and Erikson refers to the malignant tendency here as repudiation.
Of course, no child is going to develop a sense of 100 percent trust or 100 percent doubt. It is no use trying to rush children into adulthood, as is so common among people who are revolution justifiable? obsessed with success. So stretched, it is no longer a difficult matter to come up with seven or eight stages; Only now, of course, you'd be hard pressed to call them stages, rather than "phases" or something equally vague. A delicate balance is required from the parent. Following all the rules precisely keeps you from mistakes, and mistakes must be avoided at all costs. The child in this stage is beginning to make decisions, and carry them out, primarily through play activities. Its purpose then is to provide a framework within which development can be considered rather than testable theory.
Erik Erikson Developmental Theory