science and social science. Meaning is renewed or transformed through such performances. Meaning is not a representation of an objective world but the disclosure of a world of meaning within which we make sense of things. Post-Modernism and the Social Sciences: Insights, Inroads, and Intrusions. Binary opposition was one of the theories of Structuralism. Charles Lemert developed a general sociological approach based on poststructuralism. Meaning, therefore, is equally in the hands of the reader and the author. An ethics of otherness is beyond the realm of being or ontology. Other critics have pointed to the possible political quietism of a view that denies the viability of general or universal values. Every verbal signification lies at the confluence of countless semantic rivers. The second, which is associated with Derrida, Nancy, and Lyotard, is an ethics of otherness.
Structuralism proposes that the world should be understood through structures. Because postmodernism is associated with a suspicion of meta-narratives, intellectual tendencies such as post-structuralism, relativism and pragmatism have been labeled postmodernist. Postmodernism is as much a sensibility or cultural mood as a specific doctrine. The Politics of Friendship. Saint Louis, MO: Telos. Assessment, biopsychology, comparative, cognitive, developmental, language, individual differences. Macmillan Press, Hong Kong,1996. Derrida, for example, argued that meaning was indeterminate, that is, it was not fixed through any objective or theoretical process. Post-Structuralists pay attention to these changes.