the standard census variables, the ipums files also contain many new recoded variables to facilitate comparisons across censuses ( Sobek 2001 ). The number of gainful workers in the United States more than doubled from 1880 to 1920 (18.1.5 million). Table 2 Estimation of the Composition of the 1920 Industrial Structure by Immigraton Generation the Anton Chekhov Based on Assumptions of Generational Replacement from 1880 to 1920 Expected Workforce in 1920 shift (Actual -Expected) actual 1920 workforce (in thousands) 4th Gen 3rd Gen 4th Gen 3rd Gen share.
Moreover, Carter and Sutch (2006) show that there is a positive correlation between the destinations of immigrants and native born workers from 1900 to 1910. There are also significant increases in the proportions working in mining, transportation and utilities, trade, producer services and social services. Adding the 3rd generation required a more complicated estimation procedure that relied on fairly crude assumptions. Hotels are Homosexuals Born or Made? and lodging places are classified as a personal service, but eating and drinking establishments are considered as part of the retail trade sector. Ex: coal Human resources-people who work to produce goods and services. We first address the measurement of immigration generations. Ship and boat building and repairing.0.0 388.