less effective and successful. Opinion polls have suggested that while Erdogan is still the most likely to win, he might not manage to muster the more than 50 percent of votes needed to avoid a second round on July 8, while the AKP could lose its majority in parliament. France edit In French legal terminology, the president of a court consisting of multiple judges is the foremost judge; he chairs the meeting of the court and directs the debates (and this thus addressed as "Mrs President "Madame la Prsidente Mr President or Monsieur. The executive is accountable to the legislature. Erdogan himself survived an attempted coup in 2016, which led to a sweeping crackdown in response. The members of council of ministers are the members of legislature. In pre-revolutionary France, the president of a Parlement evolved into a powerful magistrate, a member of the so-called noblesse de robe nobility of the gown with considerable judicial as well as administrative authority. Almost all of the American nations that became independent from Spain in the early 1810s and 1820s chose a US-style president as their chief executive.
President for Life is a title assumed by some dictators to try to ensure that their authority or legitimacy is never questioned. Kim Il-sung was named Eternal President of the Republic after his death. Nevertheless, the opposition is giving Erdogan a run for his money, producing more robust campaigns than in the past. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
Early examples are from the universities of Oxford and Cambridge (from 1464) and the founding President of the Royal Society William Brouncker in 1660. Both Prime Ministers (1918-1920) and State Elders (1920-1934) often translated as "Presidents were elected by the parliament. In the Parliamentary system, the Prime Minister can appoint only the members of parliament as minister. The pre-election campaign has been somewhat lopsided. Similarly, the Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada is addressed by francophone parliamentarians as " Monsieur/Madame le/la Prsident(e) ". Another critical factor in this regard is the awareness and alertness of people. Asian Journal of Political Science. "It's not only about who the next president of Turkey will be said Guvenc, the Kadir Has University professor. Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina National Council of Government (Uruguay) Junta of National Reconstruction in Nicaragua Dictatorships edit In dictatorships, the title of president is frequently taken by self-appointed or military-backed leaders. Though the prime minister remains an appointee of the president, the president must obey the rules of parliament, and select a leader from the house's majority holding party.