Proclamation. 23, 1862 Daily National Intelligencer, Washington,.C.). By July 1862 Lincoln had written what he termed his "Preliminary Proclamation." He discussed his thoughts for an emancipation proclamation with cabinet secretaries William. On August 6, 1863, Garibaldi wrote to Lincoln: "Posterity will call you the great emancipator, a more enviable title than any crown could be, and greater than any merely mundane treasure". Deutsch; Joseph Fornieri (2005). Be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law"slaves were understood as property. "The Second Confiscation Act, July 17, 1862".
In it he praised the free labor system, as respecting human rights over property rights; he endorsed legislation to address the status of contraband slaves and slaves in loyal states, possibly through buying their freedom with federal taxes, and also the funding of strictly voluntary. Draft Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, July 22, 1862. Gideon Welles, Diary of Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy Under Lincoln and Johnson (Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1911 1:143, reported that Lincoln made a covenant with God that if God would change the tide of the war, Lincoln would change his policy.
I can not remember when I did not so think, and feel he began. The fourth paragraph of the proclamation explains that Lincoln issued it, "by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander-in-Chief, of the Army and Navy of the United States in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and government of the United States. 13 Although abolitionists used the Fifth Amendment to argue against slavery, it became part of the legal basis for treating slaves as property with Dred Scott. Taney, in Dred Scott. To highlight this, Lincoln used the word "indispensable" six times to distinguish the criteria on which he acted, until emancipation became militarily an "indispensable necessity." In his letter to Hodges, Lincoln also credited a higher power in determining the events of the war. It changed the federal legal status of more than.5 million enslaved African Americans in the designated areas of the South from slave to free. Second Confiscation Act, allowing Southern Confederate supporters 60 days to surrender, or face confiscation of land and slaves.