of our time have been produced not by Russians but by African Americans, Japanese, Germans, andmost proletarian of alla German-American living in Mexico,. This structure is one of the most picturesque of the Hamlet. They were developed and shaped into the forms in which they are now found by hundreds of other minds as they were passed down through the centuries. The 19th century was the golden age of the novel. Presented, a play is drama; read, a play is literature. It has a stone interior and included a large kitchen, a bakery, a fireplace and pantry, also linen and silverware. It reflects and stimulates the prejudices and parochialism of its audience.
Whether these common elements are the result of diffusion is a matter for dispute. Within a generation they had penetrated the entire society and rational thinking were of vital importance in revolutionizing. A symbol, says the dictionary, is something that stands for something else or a sign used to represent something, as the lion is the symbol of courage, the cross the symbol of Christianity. The purest (or, at least, the most intense) literary form is the lyric poem, and after it comes elegiac, epic, dramatic, narrative, and expository verse. In the modern industrial civilization, however, scribes became simply a category of skilled hired hands. Is the artist or writer a technician, like a cook or an engineer, who designs and constructs a sort of machine that will elicit an aesthetic response from his audience?
To use the word writing when describing literature is itself misleading, for one may speak of oral literature or the literature of preliterate peoples. Effort that once was applied to perfecting a single pattern in a single form may in the future be more and more directed toward the elaboration of entirely new multimedia forms, employing the resources of all the established arts. The art of literature is not reducible to the words on the page; they are there solely because of the craft of writing. Many of the English and Scottish ballads that date from the end of the Middle Ages and have been preserved by oral tradition share plots and even turns of phrase with written literature. Certain theorists once believed that folk songs and even long, narrative ballads were produced collectively, as has been said in mockery by the tribe sitting around the fire and grunting in unison.