houyhnhms as Objects of Satire

great majority of his countrymen believed it. They embody pure reason, but they are not human. Travels, and its location illustrated on the map at the start of Part. The map is somewhat careless with the scale, however; Edels Land to Lewins Land are shown adjacent, while in reality they are some 1000 km apart, while the sweep of the Great Australian Bight, from Cape Leeuwin, Australia's south-westerly point to the. Through this lens, Swift hoped to "vex" his readers by offering them new insights into the game of politics and into the social follies of humans. Mankind, as he has a Brobdingnagian remark, is "the most pernicious race of little odious vermin that Nature ever suffered to crawl upon the surface of the earth." Swift also inserted subtly hidden puns into some of his name-calling techniques. All is not lost, however, because the aim of satire is to improve what is being satirized, and Swift has made a mighty attempt to improve his society. St Francis and, st Pieter further east, and Sweers, Maatsuyker and, de Wit islands to the east. Swift's most culturally sensitive satire comes in the fourth voyage-the Land of the Houyhnhnms-where he meets a race of rational horses whose servants are basically non-rational human beings called the. They were so enamored of reason that they did not realize that Swift was metamorphosing a virtue into a vice.

They have no religion and their sole morality is the defence of reasoning and Faith reason, and so they are not particularly moved by pity or a belief in the intrinsic value of life. Swift was certainly not one of the optimists typical of his century. In the event that a marriage produced two offspring of the same sex, the parents would take their children to the annual meeting and trade one with a couple who produced two children of the opposite sex. A further example of the lack of humanity and emotion in the Houyhnhnms is that their laws reason that each couple produce two children, one male and one female. In a modern context the story might be seen as presenting an early example of animal rights concerns, especially in Gulliver's account of how horses are cruelly treated in his society and the reversal of roles. houyhnhnms are a fictional race of intelligent horses described in the last part. The story is a possible inspiration for Pierre Boulle 's novel Planet of the Apes. However, lest one think that Swift's satire is merely the weapon of exaggeration, it is important to note that exaggeration is only one facet of his satiric method.