of Japanese and Western influences. The administrative reorganization had been largely accomplished by 1871, when the domains were officially abolished and replaced by a prefecture system that has remained in place to the present day. Saig Takamori of Satsuma. This program was modeled on the Japanese Meiji Era experience. To reform the military, the government instituted nation-wide conscription in 1873, mandating that every male serve in the armed forces for three years upon turning.
Meiji, restoration - Wikipedia
Meiji, restoration revolution in Japan
New York: Harper Row. Stanford: Stanford University Press. The Japan of the mid-nineteenth century was profoundly feudalistic with its Confucian hierarchical social structure. Meiji : beyond the imperial restoration lies a true cultural and economic revolution. Written by Maciamo on (slightly revised in January.
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This strategy could not prevail without some source of financial subsidy. Fashion adoption of Western clothes for everybody from the Emperor to manual workers. Historical background, in the mid 19th century, Japan was a country closed to the Western world (with the notable exceptions of the Dutch trading post in Nagasaki) and had been so for about two and half centuries. Charter Oath (April 1868). The available statistics for the Meiji period do document the success.
Ito Hirobumi, matsukata Masayoshi. Kido Takayoshi had been insistent on setting up a legislative branch of the government from the first year of Meiji, but opposition made it necessary to wait until the system of public government offices had been reformed, and until a certain level of national education. Western science and technology were imported, and a program of Civilization and Enlightenment (bunmei kaika) promoted Western culture, clothing, architecture and intellectual trends. Samurai rebellions in such places as Satsuma led to the creation of money to finance the suppression of these rebellions, which in turn led to inflation and a decline in the real income of the samurai and more dissatisfaction among the samurai. The Anglo-Japanese alliance of 1902, and Japans victory in the Sino-Japanese War (1895) and the Russo-Japanese War (1905) gave Japan new international status as a major world power. Local Administration The new Meiji government had been maintaining in principle the former feudal domain systems until the first year of Meiji, but the new centralized government needed strong control over local administrations in order to advance the construction of the modern nation and advance.