the Anthropology

the end of the 19th century by the German-trained scholar Franz Boas. 46 Tylor in particular laid the groundwork for theories of cultural diffusionism, stating that there are three ways that different groups can have similar cultural forms or technologies: "independent invention, inheritance from ancestors in a distant region, transmission from one race sic to another.". The missing link had not been considered to be a product of evolutionary development but a creature placed between man and ape in the natural order of things. The first generation of professionally trained anthropologists began to undertake intensive fieldwork on their own account in the early 20th century.

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the Anthropology

Kertzer, Vittorio Lanternari, Antonio Marazzi, Roy. Van Breman, Jan, and Akitoshi Shimizu (1999) Anthropology and Colonialism in Asia and Oceania. Because of the diverse subject matter it encompasses, anthropology has become, especially since the middle of the 20th century, a collection of more specialized fields.

They provided a wealth of details used to attack the theory of a single evolutionary process. 19 In Italy, the development of ethnology and related studies did not received as much attention as other branches of learning. From Wikipedia The journal publishes international contributions from fields such as sociology, anthropology and human geography. James George Frazer posited a progressive and universal progress from faith in magic through to belief in religion and, finally, to the understanding of science. Archaeology is the study of human material culture, including both artifacts (older pieces of human culture) carefully gathered in situ, museum pieces and modern garbage. Some analysis of the Historic Pullman Strike of the new evolutionists (led by Leslie White ) reclaimed the abandoned territory of Victorian social theory, arguing for a coherent world history of human development, through a succession of stages, from a common primitive base. More recently, anthropology programs at several prominent.S. Physical anthropology, the science of physical anthropology has focused to a great extent on determining the place of human beings in nature, on comparing them with lower primates, and on interpreting the physical differences among the races. Rivers, as well as a linguist, a botanist, other specialists.