functions-legislative, executive (having largely to do with foreign affairs-Locke's "federative" power and judicial. Montesquieu's approach was to present and defend a form of government which was not excessively centralized in all its powers to a single monarch or similar ruler, form of government known then as "aristocracy". Further reading edit Peter Barenboim, Biblical Roots of Separation of Powers, Moscow, Letny Sad, 2005. via Questia (subscription required) "The Norwegian parliament description on Separation of powers". At bottom, of course, the primary control on an aggrandizing government must be the people themselves. A multi-party system parliament that must either form a minority executive or a coalition executive function as a perfectly good system of checks and balances even if it was never a stated goal for the introduction of multiparty system.
Separation of powers - Wikipedia
The solution offered in the well-known. The peculiarities of the Norwegian election system generate 68 parties and make it extremely difficult for a single party to gain an absolute majority. Sweet Maxwell Hong Kong. The Executive cannot direct or request a judicial officer to revise or reconsider a decision; decisions are final. EU Law, Text, Cases and Materials (4th.).