also a driving force during slavery in the Americas. Similarly, the Clapham Sect, a group of Anglicans based around Clapham, south London, carried out sterling work to end the slave trade. When the Portuguese first sailed down the Atlantic African coast in the 1430s, they were interested in one thing: gold. Their attitude towards Africans appear condescending by today's standards. Sharp rose to national prominence during the landmark Somerset Case of 1772, which determined the status of slavery in Britain. Since then, however, Jewish-American scholars have written some of the best studies of the internal workings of African-American slave communities in North America, and have been applauded by many African-American scholars for their understanding. There has been no analysis of the original data. However, English Common Law suggested that Christians could not be made slaves. Most tellingly, even during the height of their anti-slavery activity, many Quaker meeting houses refused to accept Africans into their congregations.
Visit, bBC Webwise for full instructions, top. Dr Beilby Porteus, the Bishop of London, was an evangelical abolitionist whose sermons regularly railed against slavery. Consequently, scores of Africans were baptised in St Margaret's Church in Westminster, London. Abolition, christian abolitionists, while some clergymen were using Christian scriptures to the Italian and German Unification propagate slavery, others were scouring the Bible to end. And in cities such as Bristol, the church bells pealed when Wilberforce's anti-slave trade Bills were defeated in Parliament. For instance, it informed John Wesley's. Once they arrived at their new locales the enslaved Africans were subjected to various processes to make them more compliant, and Christianity formed part of this. However, by 1500 they had traded already 81,000 Africans to Europe, nearby Atlantic islands, and to Muslim merchants in Africa. A more accurate reading suggests that Africans accepted and incorporated aspects of Christianity that were in keeping with their traditional belief systems. Religion as justification, the emergence of colonies in the Americas and the need to find labourers saw Europeans turn their attention to Africa with some arguing that the Transatlantic Slave Trade would enable Africans, especially the 'Mohammedans to come into contact with Christianity and 'civilisation'. The status of slavery in England remained ambiguous during the 18th century due to Parliament's failure to address the issue directly in law. It also taught them potentially subversive ideas and made it hard to justify the cruel mistreatment of fellow Christians.