civil War in Angola

to create a humanitarian crisis of immense proportions. The agreement, however, broke down very soon after it was established. (Goldman, 1999 :1) In 1956 the Movimento libertacao de Angola /Movement for the Liberation of Angola (mpla) was founded as a liberation movement to end three centuries of Portuguese colonialism, and in 1961 the armed struggle began. This also further reiterates unitas presupposition to remove the wealth from the hands of a minority elite and to have it controlled by the true sons of the soil. Continuing tensions eventually led to the expulsion of the unita delegates from government. A 1974 peace agreement was reached and in 1975 independence was gained. Nine days later, the sadf again launched an attack, this time in Cuando-Cubango, incurring threats of military retaliation by the Angolan government. . Nonetheless unita reassure their supporters that they have lost neither men nor materials (unita External Mission 1991 :1) and that while they may be witness to the: premeditated genocide perpetuated by Eduardo dos Santos their will and determination are undiminished and they have begun.

Similarly mpla while reconciliatory, will not want their democratically won legitimacy undermined. Influence by the UN is negated, in that the neutrality of the organisation is compromised through open association with mpla and thereby the compromising of its credibility with unita.

The source for the wealth of the president's family is mainly oil exports. The Committee recognizes that the civil war and the economic crisis pose serious challenges to the full implementation of the Convention. It noted the challenges in social reconstruction following civil war. unita, however, secured foreign support and established itself as an effective guerrilla army. . (Phahlane, 1998 :2) The question of refugees is most pertinent within the international system. "The money is not invested in production facilities, not in the factories, not in schools nor hospitals said Portugal-based Angolan journalist Orlando Castro. Has interfered on several occasions when a decisive victory over Savimbi seemed imminent. While a UN arms embargo in the 1990s prevented the sale of arms to Angola, dos Santos turned to a French acquaintance the French Socialist Partys expert of Africa, Jean-Bernard Curial who subsequently persuaded the son of the former French president, Francois Mitterand, to assist. . Supposedly, the Angolan government secured US47 million worth of ammunition and artillery on 7 November, 1993, which was then received in December. . But in 1998 the cease-fire collapses and Angola is once again at civil war. "Today we can move around the country without major difficulty.

Angolan, civil, war - Wikipedia



civil War in Angola