39,40, 218 ). Bone tissue is constantly changing. It is characterized by low bone mass and micro-architectural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to bone fragility and a consequent increase in risk of fracture (1, 2). B At levels used to fluoridate water supplies. Bone Remodeling, calcium, phosphate, and collagen are the primary components of bone. Hip-fracture rates are highest in Caucasian women living in temperate climates, are somewhat lower in women from Mediterranean and Asian countries, and are lowest in women in Africa (9, 10, 12). Colette Harris, With Theresa Cheung pcos diet book: How you can use the nutritional approach to deal with polycystic ovary syndrome (2002)As the rising incidence of skin cancer attests, sunbathing can indeed be hazardous to your health. Harris, Marvin Cultural Anthropology (1995)There's also evidence that vegetarians suffer a lower incidence of osteoporosis. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH the number of people hospitalized for osteoporosis-related bone fractures and other injuries has increased substantially in recent years and more than 254,000 of these serious injuries were reported in 2006. In Table 18, where the evidence on risk factors for osteoporosis is summarized, it is important to note that the level of certainty is given in relation to fracture as the outcome, rather than apparent bone mineral density as measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.
The most useful way of comparing osteoporosis prevalence between populations is to use fracture rates in older people. It is estimated that only one-third of vertebral fractures come to clinical attention ( 52 ) and underdiagnosis of vertebral fracture is a worldwide problem. In estimating calcium requirements, most committees have used either a factorial approach, where calculations of skeletal accretion and turnover rates are combined with typical values for calcium absorption and excretion, or a variety of methods based on experimentally-derived balance data (15, 16). Osteoblasts form new bone in a process called formation. There has been considerable debate about whether current recommended intakes are adequate to maximize peak bone mass and to minimize bone loss and fracture risk in later life, and the controversies continue (2, 12, 15-17). Strength of evidence with fracture as outcome There is considerable geographical variation in the incidence of fractures, and cultural variation in the intakes of nutrients associated with osteoporosis and the clinical outcome of fracture.
Short Story - Coincidences
Times, Sunday Times (2006)Since their establishment, there has been a significant drop in both the incidence of cervical cancer and deaths from the disease. Most studies indicate that the prevalence of vertebral facture in men is similar to, or even greater than, that seen in women to age 50 or 60 years ( 54, 55 ). Women who develop a vertebral fracture are at substantial risk for additional fracture within the next 1-2 years ( 38, 218 ). After menopause, the rate of resorption slows. The incidence of vertebral and hip fractures in both sexes increases exponentially with age. In countries with a high fracture incidence, rates are greater among can American afford the Death Penalty? women (by three- to four-fold). The Sun (2008)But he found that all the chefs he surveyed experienced this high incidence of distress. Thus, although widely regarded in these countries as a disease that affects women, 20 of symptomatic spine fractures and 30 of hip fractures occur in men (8). Vertebral fractures also significantly impact on activities of daily living ( 49,50 ).
Facts and statistics about osteoporosis around the world, risks and prevention on the International.
Osteoporosis, foundation (IOF) website.
Prolia is indicated for the treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at high risk for fracture, defined as a history of osteoporotic fracture, or multiple risk factors for fracture; or patients who have failed or are intolerant to other available osteoporosis therapy.