the Effect of Contextual Stimuli on Learning

eye fixation durations in sentence reading experiments are shorter for words that. An important feature of the current study is that the facilitative effects of contextual diversity when learning new words occurred not only in two memory tasks, but also in two tasks that measured the acquisition of orthography/meaning of the new words (i.e., a multiple-choice test. Then, they were randomly assigned to one of the two experimental sets and were asked to read their corresponding 9 texts during the training phase. For targets appearing in a large number of contexts, Jones. Although none of the above-cited models has a mechanism to create new lexical representations, the implicit assumption is that the source of the word-frequency effect rests on the principle of mere repetition: Items that are encountered more frequently create more accessible memory traces than those. 6, another example shows during sound recognition a context effect can use other sounds in the environment to change the way we categorize a sound. Kachergis, Yu, and Shiffrin 17 carried out three experiments using the cross-situational word-learning paradigm introduced by Yu and Smith. Fbula: La liebre y la tortuga En un bosque, haba una liebre vanidosa que presuma de ser la ms veloz y se burlaba de la tortuga por ser lenta. Supporting information Acknowledgments We thank the childrenand their familieswho participated in this research. Su amiga Clara tiene 3 vacas ms que ella. Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

PubMed, google Scholar, engberg,. Indeed, word-frequency plays a critical role in models of visual word recognition 3 5 and in models of eye movement control in reading. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

As it was stated above, each text contained 4 of the 12 experimental words, so students read 3 times each of the 12 target words in their corresponding experimental condition (high. Wernerfelt, Birger (March 1995). Superstition in the pigeon. Journal of The Royal Society Interface. Loading metrics, open Access, peer-reviewed, research Article x, figures. J., Mariner,., Adams,. "Encoding specificity and retrieval processes in episodic memory". Furthermore, the mere count of the number of documents in a word-corpus (e.g., proportion of different contexts.g., films, documents in which a given word appears) overlooks the potential semantic similarity between these documents (see 22 for discussion). PubMed, google Scholar, farthing,. In addition, in order not to reduce diversity, the same target words never coincided in different texts in the high diversity condition. Ech de nuevo a correr, y a lo lejos vio la cinta de color bermejo que sealaba la meta, y a la tortuga que estaba a punto de cruzarla. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list ( link ) Pomerantz,.R.