euthyphros Views on Piety

unity of all virtues through wisdom, which is defined as true knowledge of good and evil. In the very beginning of Descartes' second Meditation, he determines that even with all of his worldly uncertainties, he cannot doubt that he is living, thinking, and experiencing life. Both Socrates and Euthyphro are involved in matters of a legal nature. Euthyphro's father was, at least to some extent, responsible for the offender's death, and this was the basis for charging him with the crime of murder. Bookmark this page, summary, plato's dialog called, euthyphro relates a discussion that took place between Socrates and Euthyphro concerning the meaning of piety, or that virtue usually regarded as a manner of living that fulfills one's duty both to gods and to humanity. Because he felt quite sure that the Athenian people in general did not understand the real nature of either piety or impiety, Socrates asks Euthyphro to answer the question "What is piety?" He has a real purpose in doing this, for Euthyphro, a Sophist, professes. Socrates still insists that he does not know what piety is, and certainly Euthyphro has not revealed its true nature.

One of these is illustrated in Euthyphro's view of religion as a kind of mercenary process.  The argument Socrates uses to criticize this definition is the heart of the dialogue. The other conception of religion is the one held by Socrates, who did not accept as literally true many of the popular tales concerning the activities of the gods. It is not clear what makes anything dear to the gods, and besides, there is the question of whether that which is dear to some of the gods is dear to all of them or only to some of them.

Views on Political Socialization
The Different Views on Moral Standards

In this Meditation, Descartes proved that every idea develops from a thought, and each idea had to be just as tangible as the original thought. He does not claim that his own views are perfect or that he has arrived at the final truth concerning the matter under consideration. Socrates then points out that the circumstances under which killing takes place makes an important difference concerning the moral quality of the act. He says, "Piety is what is dear to the gods and impiety is that which is not dear to them." Upon examination by Socrates, this statement turns out to be no more satisfactory than the former one. His purpose in prosecuting his father is not to get him punished but to cleanse the household of blood guilt. Euthyphro, a priest of sorts, claims to know the answer, but Socrates shoots down each definition he proposes. Impiety is what all the gods hate. This dilemma holds great significance in the fact that it was a time where somebody asked whether morality or God existed first.

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