and peacefully intermixed in small numbers with the indigenous Italian population. 133 In 1929, the Italian government signed the Lateran Treaty with the Holy See, a concordat between Italy and the Catholic Church that allowed for the creation of a small enclave known as Vatican City as a sovereign state representing the papacy. 30 The Fascist regime produced literature on Nice that justified that Nice was an Italian land based on historic, ethnic and linguistic grounds. Italian Fascism italian : fascismo italiano also known simply as, fascism, is the original fascist ideology as developed. 70 Hitler praised post-Roman era achievements of northern Italians such as Sandro Botticelli, Michelangelo, Dante Alighieri and Benito Mussolini. 127 King Victor Emmanuel III had become a popular ruler in the aftermath of Italy's gains after World War I and the army held close loyalty to the King, thus any idea of overthrowing the monarchy was discarded as foolhardy by the Fascists at this. Esau's Tears: Modern Anti-Semitism and the Rise of the Jews. The issue of the rule of monarchy or republic in Italy was an issue that changed several times through the development of Italian Fascism, as initially Italian Fascism was republican and denounced the Savoy monarchy. Irredentism and expansionism edit Further information: Spazio vitale, Italia irredenta, Mare Nostrum, Italian Empire, and Italianization Fascism emphasized the need for the restoration of the Mazzinian Risorgimento tradition that pursued the unification of Italy, that the Fascists claimed had been left incomplete and abandoned.
Italian Fascism - Wikipedia
The sacralization of politics in fascist Italy. 86 In 1941, the PNF's Mediterraneanists through the influence of Giacomo Acerbo put forward a comprehensive definition of the Italian race. He editorialized for Italy's involvement in the war on the side of the Allies, claiming that France's defeat would end liberty in Europe. Enforcement of contracts was difficult and the large bureaucracy delayed resolutions of labour disputes. Mussolini and Italian Fascism. The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe. 42 At the same time, indigenous Libyans were given the ability to apply for "Special Italian Citizenship" which required such people to be literate in the Italian language and confined this type of citizenship to be valid in Libya only. 56 Nordicism was divisive because Italians and especially southern Italians - had faced discrimination from Nordicist proponents in countries like the United States out of the view that non-Nordic southern Europeans were inferior to Nordics. He hated the rich. Race does not betray lshevism is a defense of the international plutocracy. 38 Mussolini claimed that the Maltese language was a dialect of Italian and theories about Malta being the cradle of the Latin civilization were promoted. 90 In 1932, Mussolini made his private attitude about Jews known to the Austrian ambassador when discussing the issue by saying: "I have no love for the Jews, but they have great influence everywhere.
Fascism: Fascism, political ideology and mass movement that dominated central, southern, and eastern Europe between 19was characterized by extreme militant nationalism, hatred of communism and socialism, contempt for democracy, and belief in natural social hierarchy and the rule of elites. Fascism definition, a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism. Italy - World War I and fascism: On Giolittis resignation in March 1914, the more conservative Antonio Salandra formed a new government.
GNS vs Italian Fascism, Nationalism in Italy: An Overview,