the Cultural Revolution of the 1920s

of a former peasant who had become affluent as a farmer and grain dealer. In the course of the anti-Japanese war, the communists broke up a substantial portion of their army into small units and sent them behind the enemy lines to serve as nuclei for guerrilla forces that effectively controlled vast areas of the countryside, stretching between the. The Ninth Congress of 1969 initiated the process of rebuilding the party; and the death of Lin Biao in 1971 diminished, though it by no means eliminated, the armys role. But the term also evokes a period of rapid political and cultural change, beginning in 1915, that resulted in the Chinese radicals abandonment of Western liberalism for Marxism and Leninism as the answer to Chinas problems and the subsequent founding of the Chinese Communist Party. He made those criticisms before an ad hoc gathering of provincial and local party secretaries, thus creating a groundswell of enthusiasm for rapid collectivization such that all those in the leadership who had expressed doubts about Maos ideas were soon presented with a fait accompli.

Antisemitism, Conspiracy Culture, Christianity, and Islam: The History and Contemporary Religious Significance of the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion, The Invention of Sacred Tradition, James. That certainly was fundamental, but communist agrarian policies likewise played a part in securing broad support among the peasantry. Annemarie Sammartino argues that this view is contestable. 7 The conflation of Jews and revolution emerged in the atmosphere of destruction of Russia during World War. Criticism of the Jewish Bolshevism canard Researchers in the field, such as womens Attempt for Independence in a Mans world Polish philosopher Stanisaw Krajewski 45 or Andr Gerrits, denounce the concept of Jewish Bolshevism as a prejudice.