is the deciding factor as to whether or not insulated Concrete Forms the child will retain some fluency. 1st generation: foreign-born children of foreign born immigrants. Can two tongues live in harmony: Analysis of the National Longitudinal Study of 1988 (nels:88) longitudinal data on the maintenance of home language. Through the learners' eyes: Reconceptualizing the heritage and non-heritage language learners of the less commonly taught languages.
Chinese and, japanese ; mainly the second generation. Second generation Chinese and, japanese have. And Stir is just one example of how broadcasters are trying to entice young, second - and third- generation audiences. Spanish-language network Telemundo recently added closed-caption English subtitles to two of its popular soap operas.
Social-psychological factors affecting language maintenance: Interviews with Shin Nisei University students in Hawaii. Also noted is a "critical mass effect where the behavior of the larger group influences the language choices individuals. Sherman's facing a common dilemma in ethnic media: How to hold onto audiences that include American-born children of immigrants - young people who speak English and are at once thoroughly Asian and American. ( back ) Download file: D_Srz_HLJ_5_1.pdf. New services were required and the size of the cheap labor pool available to Chinese merchants and entrepreneurs increased, and the Chinatown became more economic, cultural, and social centers of the community. As Asian Americans, they were outcasts in their American schools. The rate of shift or maintenance over generations can be influenced by the presence of the heritage language in the home, a supportive community, and continued contact with heritage language speakers.
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