the 15th 18th centuries, when white people were invading the coasts of West Africa to capture and purchase our ancestors from African (Hammite) and Arab (Ishmaelites) slave traders; they would often create names for us so they could describe us to other Caucasian slavers. Michael Casserly's testimony at the US Senate Hearing on Ebonics-summarizing data from fifty urban school districts across the US-indicated that this was a nationwide pattern. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Since the majority of the first en-slavers were Portuguese, and spoke Latin, they would use the term Ebony which meant black in their language, to describe the physical appearance of the eboes. They only taught their children English because the white slave master had told them too only speak English. For instance, Ebonics speakers regularly produce sentences without present tense is and are, as in "John trippin" or "They allright". Many of us feared that in the anti-Ebonics firestorm which was sparked by Oakland's proposals, Specter's subcommittee would yank title I funding from the SEP. And, why would you speak Black English to them in the first place unless you can intuitively sense they will understand or a least wont be offended. Mary Hoover, the longtime aave and Education specialist from Howard University, was working in the Oakland School District at the time, and she arranged for Carolyn Getridge, the Superintendent of the Oakland School Board, to contact me for linguistic references and information which she could. Black-American Ebonics is the result of Black Slaves and their descendants who had to learn how to speak the English language. What does Ebonics sound like?
Ebonics (a blend of the words ebony and phonics) is a term that was originally intended to refer to the language of all people descended from enslaved Black Africans, particularly in, west Africa, the Caribbean, and North. A Serious Analysis of African American Speech Patterns Many Black Americans do not speak standard English. They speak Ebonics ( Ebony, meaning black and phonics, meaning sound ) - a language which evolved in the Americas as a result of the adaptation of English words to an African language system. Some deny its existence (like the black Chicagoan whose words Aint nobody here talkin. Ebonics belied his claim).
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To my amazement, syntacticians, semanticists, sociolinguists and linguists of other stripes and persuasions rose to speak in support of the proposals-if anything they wanted to make them even more radical-and a four-point resolution was unanimously approved. Surprisingly for me, the branch of the media that I found most receptive and most conducive to getting my point of view across was radio. The Spaniards spoke Spanish and mainly controlled Central America. But they all spoke English, whether they were from the Isle of Man or the main land country of England. Moreover, the LSA has overwhelmingly approved other strong proposals on public policy issues involving language over the past twelve years. Language in Society 1998/99 on the theme "What do sociolinguists have to say about the Great Language Debates of our Times?" compiled by Monica Heller). Ebonics Has Two Levels Like all languages and dialects Ebonics has two sides (two levels) the first side is the pronunciation of words and spelling of words.