and training the Allies assumed the offensive at the Second Battle of Alamein (October/November 1942) where they scored a decisive victory and the remains of Rommel's German-Italian Panzer Army were forced to engage in a fighting retreat for 1,600 mi (2,600 km). The Axis position in North Africa was hopeless, the final outcome clearly in the hands of the logisticians. The invasion began as ordered. The North African Campaign 1940-43: A Reconsideration.
Italian tanks were of poor quality and radios few in number. Both Yugoslavia and Greece had governments friendly to Germany. Malta!" Later that day, Mussolini addressed the Fascist Grand Council "on the subject of what he called the immediate goals of 'Fascist dynamism'." These were Albania; Tunisia; Corsica, an integral part of France; the Ticino, a canton of Switzerland ; and all "French territory east. The Axis forces could not overcome Allied air and sea powerboth of which enhanced Allied logistics and degraded Axis logistics. On October 30-31, Montgomery renewed the attack with strong support from the RAF. By May 28, the Axis armored units behind the Allied lines were in trouble. Rommel skillfully parried the thrust, and the British withdrew from Fort Capuzzo the next day. The rocky terrain had prevented an anti-tank ditch from being dug and there were too few mines and 47 mm anti-tank guns to repel an armoured advance.