the Thirty Years War 1618 - 1648

reign in European history, with France's monarchy reaching its peak in absolutism, claiming unity with God, the source of absolute power rule by divine right. The last hope of aid from Spain vanished when the Spanish fleet carrying silver was destroyed in the autumn of 1628. In other particulars it was evident that the more important states sought, and probably sincerely, not to damage the efforts made in the Peace of Prague to revive the organization of the empire, yet in various instances they inflicted much injury upon. The conflict now became a wider European war, fought mainly over political issues, as Catholic France and Protestant Sweden joined forces against the Catholic Hapsburgs. A Spanish attack by sea on the Netherlands ended in September, 1632, in a complete defeat. Ferdinand was a pious man, attending masses at all hours and a monarch who went on pilgrimages and endured self-abasement. One occurs in the first half of the 17th century and the other in the middle of the 18th century. The Calvinists began to demand recognition of their rights.

the Thirty Years War 1618 - 1648

Thirty Years' War, wikipedia



the Thirty Years War 1618 - 1648

Sun Tzus Art of War
The American Commander in World War II

In this way it would be possible to isolate the Habsburgs and yet complete the Catholic restoration in western Europe. Denmark sought obstinately to obtain the power of "administration" over the dioceses of Northern, germany that had become. At first these districts were in the domains of the rulers and nobles hostile to the emperor; gradually, however, the territories of the spiritual princes who had been united by Maximilian in the League were thus assigned and finally, in May, 1628, the domains. During the years of the Thirty Years War agricultural production declined significantly. When Mantua was taken and Casale's position became very precarious, Richelieu proposed a truce; this was signed at Rialto on 4 September, 1630. At times desperate peasants revolted and attacked nearby castles and monasteries. And waging war had been an economic burden. His victory in August, 1628, over a Danish army of relief at Wolgast did not change the result. The plan was that Christian should come to his support with a new army. On 25 June, 1608, Rudolph was obliged to transfer the government of Hungary, Austria, and Moravia to his more compliant brother Matthias; he did not, however, give up his rights as King of Bohemia, and in 1609 was able to pacify an outbreak of the. This meant more paperwork and of course, more anger on the part of the working people and peasantsthose who bore the financial brunt of the costly wars.

People who perished over its course were overwhelmingly and.
Thirty Years War, ( 1618 48 in European history, a series of wars fought by various nations for various reasons, including religious, dynastic, territorial, and commercial s destructive campaigns and battles occurred over most of Europe, and, when it ended with the Treaty of Westphalia.
The Thirty Years ' Wars.

The Longest and Worse War Vietnam War, The Reality of Global Warming,